READ THIS FIRST ---> one inch equation: TL = mc^2

by James Cranwell
http://www.mccelt.com/

The thread unit group (TUG) would be just the grey threads in picture (no color and a lot thinner of course).
The TUG is source of gravity (and everything else).
It would fit perfectly inside of a dodecahedron.
Actual thread length is about one Ångström and it is fine enough where 10 threads (20 radii) could curl-up into the size of a neutron.
Abstract: "For a correct theory of everything: strings are the right type of idea, they just have the model unbelievably wrong. All workings of the universe can be easily explained with quantum threads and one simple equation: TL = mc^2"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
THE FABRIC OF SPACE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The fabric of space is a gravitationally-centered thread tension network
(never been ruled out)
Tension = velocity squared x mass / Length
Vibrations traverse network at c
Plug in c, rearrange:

TL = mc^2
| -- inch -- |

Thread length L and mass m are unchangeable constants.
Variable thread tension T will also vary the speed of light c.
Speed of time (as we know it) is also variable.

Source of energy, gravity, all forces, light, you name it.

Gravity is regular thread Tension: T = mc^2 / L
Energy is thread Tension x Length: TL = mc^2
The fabric of space is the threads.

Speed of light is relative to thread network tension surrounding determining mass (planet, star, system, galaxy, etc.)

Tension = Force = Gravity

Now we know where gravity, light, energy, and time come from.
(and why light travels at c)
NOTE: T = Tension, inside brackets [T] = Time
NOTE: "gravitationally-centered" means something like being dragged but stronger.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
MATTER IS CREATED FROM NON-EMPTY SPACE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The basic substance of the universe is quantum threads.
The fabric of space is a real thing of material substance. It is made from individual yet connected threads - like a 3-D spiders web (the threads are only about an angstrom long though).
In that form the threads are NOT considered "mass."

The threads form a gravitationally-centered thread tension network aka The fabric of space.
(never been ruled out)

Protons, neutrons, and neutrinos are balled-up threads, like spaghetti balls.
Electrons are full length threads that extend out and form a thread disc shape.
The electron disc is like a bicycle wheel without a rim: 18 spokes and 2 orthogonals - one to proton, one to fabric of space.
Electrons also form a mesh-type cage (shells) around a nucleus.

Electron   `~~~∗~~~`

An electron has one thread connected to the proton, 18 threads connect to other electrons in same shell and the last one connects to either upper level electrons or the network in space, nothing balled up.

That's why 18 is the determinant number in electron shell configuration.
One thread connects inward and is attached to the proton.
One thread connects outward with space (or electrons in next outer shell or other atoms).
The other 18 electron threads form the spherical thread mesh-type cage discs.

When electrons connect with each other they have 18 threads to play with.
Check the Periodic Table - there are 18 columns.

Bond Angles: Notice the way a lot atoms and molecules tend to form and bond tetrahedrally?
That's 109.4712° (degrees)
The reason being: A tetrahedron is the opposite diagonal corners of a cube.
Electrons form a thread-mesh-type cage around the nucleus.
Certain sizes are of course the 8 corners of a cube - that's what the octet rule is and how it happens.
That is NOT probability.
It is NOT a cloud.
It is NOT a blur.
It is NOT uncertainty.
It is NOT counterintuitive.

IT IS EXACT.

Electrons DO NOT have any probability nor uncertainty involved
Think guitar string - the string itself would be the electron but everyone thinks the vibration or note is the electron.

Got that?

NOTE: Heisenberg would be OK with this duality.
● The Electron (thread (what they call a "particle")) has exact position.
● The Vibration (wave) position is of course uncertain.
Vibrations are following Schrödinger equation.
It you touch the vibration: it stops (collapses) but you still have the thread

Proton   ` ~~~●~~~ `
Neutron   ` ●~~~ `

A proton has 18 threads balled-up and two protruding / dangling thread tethers.
A neutron is the same as proton but with 19 thread radii balled up or collapsed.
When a neutron is in the nucleus with a proton - all 20 neutron threads are collapsed (although one of the 20 is collapsed in unison with a proton thread, "There's one for you, nineteen for me" -- GH)

Neutrino:   `●`

What is a Neutrino? `●` All 10 threads (20 radii) balled-up - OR - some number of threads greater than zero, less than 10 balled-up.
A free neutrino would look like this `●`
A neutrino has NO protruding NOR dangling threads so it is unaffected by "forces."
A balled-up thread unit group like a neutrino can have any speed. But everything else works at the speed of light. So, although it is not impossible - it is not an easy feat to bump-up the speed of something faster than the machine (Universe) that is propelling it.
Think baseball, a pitcher might be able to throw a baseball at 180 kilometers per hour, but that is absolutely NOT the top speed for a baseball.
NOTICE: If you have a balled-up neutron and one thread unwinds (decays) it becomes a proton. If all the threads of a proton or neutron unwind they can either become an electron if it is connected to the nucleus or it can revert right back into a unit of space. So, matter decays (reverts back into) space - NOT the other way around.
Got That? Everything is made from the exact same thing - the only difference is a change in shape.
Definition: Flux (flʌks) n 2. continuous change; instability

So, Yes - matter can be created from non-empty space, and now you know how it is happening.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
QUANTUM GRAVITY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

There cannot be quantum gravity.
Gravity is an actual mechanical force - thread tension. Like a 3-D tennis net with the threads expanded full length that can pull atoms and or mass together.
The "forces" inside an atom are completely different. There the threads can completely ball-up together - gravity does NOT work like that.
Although gravity and the other "forces" all work by the same means - threads - the situation and configurations are totally different.

Gravitational Force:

This is an atom representation:   `~~~(●)~~~`
This is a thread network unit (Flux): `~~~╳~~~` It is made from 10 full length threads joined at their centers (or 20 radii emanating from a common center)

Gravity is full length threads pulling atoms together via simple thread tension.

`~~~(●)~~∙~~╳~~∙~~╳~~∙~~(●)~~~`

There must be individual yet connected threads pulling something together. The distance can be small - for instance one thread separation - but it cannot be inside of an atom. That is NOT the way it works - gravity is one or more full length threads with tension on them. If stuff gets close enough to touch - other "forces" take over.

Electro-magnetic Force:

Here are two electrons...

`~~~∗~~~ ~~~∗~~~ `

When electrons are close enough to attach or bond together: there are two full length threads - one from each electron - completely twisted together (but still full length).

`~~~∗≈≈≈∗~~~ `

The electrons are literally tied to one another, that is much stronger than a simple thread tension pull.

Strong Force:

A free proton: ` ~~~●~~~` (that's one free thread, 18 balled, one free thread)
A free neutron: `●~~~` (19 balled, and one free thread)
A free neutrino:   `●`     (20 balled)
A free electron: `~~~∗~~~ ` (one free thread, 18 free threads in a disc shape, one free thread)

When one proton thread `~~~●~~~`
and the neutron thread `●~~~ `
ball up (knot) together `●●~~~ ` that is the strong force.
Add an electron to that package `●●≈≈≈∗~~~` and you also get the EM force
(package aka deuterium)

neutron / knot / proton / twist / electron / thread

`●●≈≈≈∗~~~ `

The "knot" is just threads (like everything else) and it is balled-up between the neutron and the proton so you cannot see it. A balled-up knot is much stronger than a twist.

All "forces" have the same mechanism - threads - but they work by totally different means.
Got that? Gravity is an actual mechanical force - thread tension.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Isotopes and Nucleus Formations / Construction
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Two free protons   `~~~●~~~ ~~~●~~~ `
can combine and still be 2 protons   `~~~●●~~~ `
(that might look like 2 free neutrons but it is not because there are also balled up threads ("the strong force") in the middle of the package holding them together. )

To clarify: two free neutrons   `●~~~ ~~~●`
now combined would look like this   `●●`

If you add another free proton into that 2 proton package   `~~~●●~~~ ~~~●~~~ `

you will get one changing into a neutron when they combine   `~~~●●●~~~ `   that's Helium-3

If 4 free protons   `~~~●~~~ ~~~●~~~ ~~~●~~~ ~~~●~~~ `

...capture each other 2 will change into neutrons   `~~~●●●●~~~`

And then the outer two that still have a free thread can capture electrons...

`~~~∗≈≈≈●●●●≈≈≈∗~~~`   that's regular Helium, it can also be called Helium-4

If you understand the way this works... with a little thinking anyone can figure out isotopes.
For instance why 3 protons would not make lithium-3 ...
i.e. why there can be extra neutrons but not just a bunch of protons (or extra protons)... we've just seen that above the way Helium-3 was created.
Nucleus 3 can only be helium-3   `~~~●●●~~~ `   or Hydrogen-3 (tritium)   `●●●~~~ `
(Lithium-3 would be a nucleus with 3 protons and zero neutrons... and that can't be a nucleus)

"Lithium-4 contains three protons and one neutron. This is the shortest-lived known isotope of lithium. It decays by proton emission to helium-3 with half-life of about 10^−23 seconds."

`~~~●~~~ ~~~●~~~ ~~~●~~~ ~~~●~~~ `     (start with 4)

`~~~●●●~~~ ~~~●~~~ `     (combine in only way possible to make 3 protons, 1 neutron... notice one proton is on the loose... not attached to nucleus, say goodbye, it's unstable, eject it)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
MASS IS INERT - ALL ENERGY COMES FROM SPACE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

If you have a tennis net (2-D lattice-type quantum thread network analogy) it has an overall tension on it. The net threads are being pulled from the extremities (if it were an infinite net the tension pull would be coming from infinity).
If you use a pair of scissors and snip one thread in the middle of the net... vibrations (energy) will travel through the net (remember the tennis net has tension on it).
Every individual section (thread) of the net has tension and can release energy into the net. But you cannot add the individual thread energies together and create a massive sum - because all of the supposed different energies are all one and the same - coming from the net as a whole.
If a guitar string has a tension of 9 . So does every point on the string.

~~~~~▪~~~~~▪~~~~~▪~~~~~▪~~~~~▪~~~~~

But you cannot add them together. That would be pure stupidity. The same type of thing has unknowingly happened with the vacuum catastrophe. Space is loaded with energy but it is all from the same source and it is all the same energy. If this is not realized - there would be an enormous mistake:   10^120   ...in calculations.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
THERE IS NO PURE ENERGY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

If a few threads of the net were balled-up (pulled together in a clump) then suddenly unballed (decayed). It would send vibrations through the net.
The balled up piece of the net would be considered mass and when it unballs it reverts back to normal net (quantum thread network) and releases energy (vibrations) into the net. The vibrations are the energy. You cannot have vibrations travelling in nothing - thinking that would be pure stupidity.

++++++++++++++++++++
++++++‡++++++‡++++++
++++‡‡●‡‡‡‡‡‡●‡‡++++
++++++‡++++++‡++++++
++++++++++++++++++++

The graphic is a representation of a 2-D gravitational field (quantum thread network). It would be made of only the XY axis threads attached together (like a tennis net but made from individual threads).
The threads are connected - that creates the network. The network has tension on it so vibrations can easily travel through it on the threads. Any masses ●● in the network will have a higher tension between them and pull together - that's gravity.
The speed vibrations travel through the thread network is the speed of light "c"

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
[DARK][M] and [DARK][M][L^2]/[T^2]
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Dark Matter and Dark Energy

"About 95% of the cosmos cannot be seen by any telescopes, because it is made of mysterious "dark matter" and "dark energy" that do not interact with light" -- BBC Earth

The only way that could be true is if dark matter and dark energy conveyed light. And that is actually true but that is NOT the mainstream consensus (they do not think that).
If something was filling space and it DID NOT convey light: it would be like smoke and you could NOT see through it.

NOTICE: It is also impossible for something to NOT interact with light.

Substances can...
A) Absorb and emit light
B) Reflect light
C) Convey light

There is nothing else.
Note: A and B are the same.
Invisible means it completely conveys light.
Bouncing-off is reflection.
Blocking light is total absorption; it would be black, not invisible.

Dark matter is a substance but it is invisible - that means it conveys light.
Dark Matter adds to the strength of gravity - that means it is a mechanism of gravity.
Galaxies can have different amounts of dark matter.

If light is traveling towards dark matter...

`~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ♣ `

...It has to absorb, reflect or pass through (convey) it.
There is nothing else. Bouncing off it is reflection.
If it is blocking light: it would not be invisible.
NOTICE: Reflection would also actually be absorption and emission. Light cannot just bounce-off (reflect) from anything without interacting with it.

Most stuff written about mainstream physic is just nonsense.
Can anyone tell me what "non-interaction" would entail? No, you cannot. That is impossible.

A galaxy can have:

● No dark matter
● Dark matter in a disc
● Dark matter disc and halo

An Halo without a Dark Matter disc is NOT possible.
Dark Matter interacts with gravity.
So, halo dark matter would be pulled into a disc (unless there is a disc there already).
A halo is dark matter disc overflow.

Also the "bullet cluster" is a supposed proof of dark matter.
The excessive amount was separated during a collision.
They show the result with the different colors

The Simulation Hypothesis
If we are in some kind of simulation - like an aliens teenagers science project: then anything including magic can be happening and anything is possible, even nonsense like big bang, standard model "particles", etc. - we will never know the truth.
But, if the world is real - then there definitely is a fabric of space and there would NOT be an exact amount of it. The excesses are dark matter.
The pie chart picture actually infers space is just about solid with a substance since energy would have to be made from something.

```..Dark Energy: 73% ..Dark Matter: 23% Atomic Matter: 4.6% ........Light: 0.005% ....Neutrinos: 0.0034% ```

Energy is only a vibration on a substance or movement of substance.
What is the substance? Anything other than magic.

Dark Energy and Dark Matter would both have to be made from something.
"Dark Matter" might NOT actually be a known substance but it at least has to be something - it is quantum threads. The clumps around galaxies and other spots are excessive amounts.
There is NO such thing as pure energy. Energy is NOT a thing in itself - "energy" happens on something else, in this case it is the vibrations of tensioned quantum threads.
The vacuum energy of (actually non) empty space is not a vacuum, it is tension on the thread network.
It also explains Dark Energy... everything is being pulled on (not pushed) equally from every direction (coming from infinity).
If there are two end points (any type of matter, planets or anything) that creates a stronger connection and they pull together - that's gravity.

Energy equals Mass times Speed Squared: `E = mv^2`

The equation: `E = mv^2` was around a long time before Einstein - Émilie du Châtelet in the 1,700's
The speed squared "c" is NOT a constant.
You can pick any speed you like. Einstein picked c.
The speed squared gives the amount of vibrations or movement and that is the energy.
You can have a bunch of guitar strings - all the same mass - but they can also have different tensions.
The different tensions would give them all different energies when plucked.
The mass of the string is absolutely NOT the amount of energy of the string.
The string or thread tension is the determining factor:

Here is a regular thread tension formula...
Tension = velocity squared x mass / Length
Plug in c, rearrange, get one-inch equation for gravity, light, energy and time...

`TL = mc^2`
`|--inch--|`

The thread length L and the mass m are the unchangeable constants.
The variable thread tension T will also vary the speed of light c.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
DIMENSIONS AND UNITS
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

``` ........mass = [M] = kilograms ......length = [L] = meters ........time = [T] = seconds ...frequency = [T^-1] = seconds^-1 .......speed = [L]/[T] ...... = m/s acceleration = [L]/[T^2] .... = m/s^2 ....momentum = [M][L]/[T] ... = kg_m/s .......force = [M][L]/[T^2] . = kg_m/s^2 ......energy = [M][L^2]/[T^2] = kg_m^2/s^2 .......power = [M][L^2]/[T^3] = kg_m^2/s^3 ```

`  Dark Matter = [DARK][M] `
`  Dark Energy = [DARK][M][L^2]/[T^2]`

Tension is a Force. Gravity is a Force. A Newton is a Unit of Force.
Velocity is a vector but the dimensions are the same as speed = [L]/[T]
The words like "speed" are only names of what the dimensions on the right are called.
You cannot have anything like pure length, force nor energy. (Pure mass? Yes, that is OK?)

Notice mass `[M]` is not equal to energy `[M][L^2]/[T^2]` ...the vibration is missing

Here is what Einstein's (actually Émilie du Châtelet's) famous equation really looks like...

`[M][L^2]/[T^2] = [M][L^2]/[T^2]`

Energy = Energy

Energy already is a mass times speed^2.
Energy can also be Tension times Length.

If you could just lop-off parts of an equation and claim whatever is left is equal... i.e. "energy equals mass" then you could also say that "power equals mass" and so does momentum and force. It is really stupid to think like that.
Speed is NOT equal to length. Speed is equal to length divided by time.
Energy is NOT equal to mass. Energy is equal to mass times speed squared.

If you hear anyone claim mass and energy are equal or they are interchangeable or they are flip-sides of the same coin: this is what they are actually saying...

`[M] = [M][L^2]/[T^2]   <-- wrong`   (of course that is wrong)

Question: Can you convert energy into mass?
Answer: No, of course NOT. "Mass" would be a guitar string. If you pluck it: the vibrations are the energy.
Can you covert the guitar string vibrations into a guitar string? No, it already is a guitar string.

READ THIS CAREFULLY: Energy is just a word for vibrating mass (or substance). It's like "RED" - you can have a beautiful redheaded girlfriend, a red ball or a red firetruck - but you cannot have just "red."
Could there be a blob of "red" floating around in outer space? NO! it would have to be made from something.
RED is a word to describe a property of something else.
ENERGY is a word to describe a property of something else.
The term "Pure Energy" came from Spock on Star Trek. That is SciFi.

Got it? Dark Energy would have to be made from something. Specifically a vibrating substance - dark threads.
There is NO pure energy even if it is dark.
And if a matter substance is filling space and it is "dark" or invisible that means it is conveying light.

Light is a vibration traveling in a dark thread network

`~~~~~~~∿~~~~~~~`

Your eyes detect frequency of vibrations, and that determines the color.
4×10^14 Hz = red light.
8×10^14 Hz = violet light.
You absolutely cannot see the threads themselves, so they are invisible or "dark."

`  Dark Matter = [DARK][M]`
`  Dark Energy = [DARK][M][L^2]/[T^2]`

What could this be? Could space be filled with an unseen matter and a vibrating energy substance?
Yes, It is Quantum Thread Theory. Dark Threads. Space is NOT empty. There is an all encompassing lattice-type gravity-centered dark thread network in space.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
TENSION IS A FORCE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Tension times Length is equal to Energy.

``` force = [M][L]/[T^2]     = kg_m/s^2 energy = [M][L^2]/[T^2]   = kg_m^2/s^2  force = tension          = mass x acceleration energy = tension x length = mass x speed squared ```

● The thread network has tension on it, that is a pulling force: Gravity
● The network is vibrating, that is energy, it's unseen: Dark Energy
● The network itself is a substance: Dark Matter.

NOTE: The " `T` " in the equation... `TL = mc^2` ...below is tension and that's a force.
`NOTE: The [T]'s inside brackets below are [time]`

Here is a regular thread tension formula:
Tension = velocity squared x mass / Length.
If we plug in c and rearrange we get the one-inch equation for gravity, light, energy and time...

```TL = mc^2 |--inch--| tension [M][L]/[T^2] * length [L] = mass [M] * speed c^2 [L^2]/[T^2] ```

The vibrations travel on the thread particle network as waves
So light is vibrations - waves - traveling on thread particles

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GRAVITATION IS NOT A WEAK FORCE
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Gravity is not the weak force you might think it is. You are only realizing a small part of the picture.
The Earth is of course pulling you down but space itself is also pulling you.
The Earth has a stronger pull (more connections) so it wins the tug-of-war.

There is an all encompassing lattice-type tensioned quantum thread network (not the string theory type) in space (and everywhere). It is responsible for gravity.
Any masses introduced into the network create an higher tension - that's what is thought of as gravity - but there is more to it.
The network is made from individual yet connected quantum threads and conforms to whatever shape it is surrounding.
So light traveling through a curved thread network (like the Earth or Sun) will of course curve.
Is gravity curving the thread network? No! The thread network itself is what creates gravity (gravity is thread network tension).
The threads are connected - that creates a thread network. The thread network has tension on it so vibrations can easily travel through it on the threads (That's what light is).
Everything is connected by the network and it moves along with largest mass in proximity.

++++++++++++++++++++
++++++‡++++++‡++++++
++++‡‡●‡‡‡‡‡‡●‡‡++++
++++++‡++++++‡++++++
++++++++++++++++++++

Any masses in the thread network will of course have / develop more connections and pull together.
NOTE: The mass(es) ●● in this scenario / instance would be balled up XY axis (plus +++ sign) threads. Everything is the same construct.

The network threads will go off in every direction but of course two masses in proximity will have a stronger tension between them than the network thread tension coming from infinity.
The overall Dark-Energy-Like network tension pulls equally on everything - let's call that force 100.
The two masses immersed in the thread network have a slightly higher tension between them (it's actually just more connections created by the network threads being balled up into matter) and that is all that is needed to pull them together - let's call the tension force between the masses 109.

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++‡+++++++++++‡+++++++++++
+++100+++‡‡●‡‡‡‡109‡‡‡‡●‡‡+++100+++
+++++++++++‡+++++++++++‡+++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

If you measured the force between the two masses you would get number 9 as a result - NOT 109.
```Force pulling together: + 109 ...Force pulling apart: - 100 ----------------------------- ......Result 109 - 100: =   9 ```

The overall force tension of 100 would be subtracted (you would not even know it is there)

Universal tension (gravity) is not a one way thing.
I picked the number 100 as the strength only to make it easy math.
It could be 1,000 or 1,000,000 or anything else.
No way to know - it is proportional and only the result is known.
1,009 - 1,000 = 9

NOTE: if you were directly in the middle of the masses you would of course be weightless and float. But that does not mean the tension or gravitational force was cancelled - it is just equal pull on both sides. That's the main point - no matter where you are - you are always being pulled on from at least two or more directions.

A scientist fish living deep in the Marianas Trench would not know he is under extreme pressure and would not be able to measure it. He would only be able to measure changes or differences in pressure. Something similar must be true regardless of the theory (i.e. curved-space, gravitons, etc.).
And you cannot measure forces without the measuring devises becoming part of the measurement.

Notice the thread network tension 100 would be everywhere - completely filling space and pulling on everything. Although it is the same thread network as gravity its force is in opposite direction - that's the same effect as supposed Dark Energy. It is an expansive force but nothing is being expanded. Stuff can only pull together.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
A LITTLE LATE TO THE PARTY
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

At this point in time they are debating whether or not space is empty? But the magnetic compass has been around for thousands of years.

With a simple compass you can easily verify:
● There is something filling supposed empty space.
● Whatever is filling space is also lining-up
● Whatever is lining-up also has a direction.

Can General or Special Relativity explain something in space is lining-up and having a direction? Of course not.
String theory with tiny vibration strings can also absolutely NOT explain it.
The supposed Higgs Field does NOT explain it.
There is nothing in the Standard Model that can explain it.
Loop Quantum Gravity? Quantum Mechanics? Nope, nothing explains it.

NOTE: you might get Mr. Simple that claims it is vectors in the EMF (field) but that is just infuriating because a "vector" is just another word for a direction - and the reason for space having a direction is what is NOT explained. (Richard Feynman would tear you a new one)
They also think a "field" is just math - like a set of numbers - nothing of actual substance. And the numbers only represent places in space - nothing is actually there. So, that offers no explanation whatsoever.

Got that?
If someone asks you what a "magnetic field" is...

"Lining-up" Analogy: If you threw a bunch of ping-pong balls into a box container they would pack the bottom. They would actually line-up.
Lining-up is easy.
And if you threw a pencil into the box with the ping-pong balls the pencil would also be forced to line-up along one of the troughs made by the ping-pong balls. But there is absolutely NO direction involved. The lining up would be just random - for this scenario it is one of six ways.

Having a direction is the monumental thing - space itself can force something physical into a specific direction.
Got That? The directional line-up would be like putting the pencil in the box and the ping-pong balls somehow mechanically move the pencil so it points north. And if you rotate the whole box the ping-pong balls will change the direction of the pencil again - to point north

Think about it: A simple compass completely wipes every known theory right off the map. But it proves there must be a substance in space and it can line-up somehow. Is that even possible? Yes, it is easy, it's Quantum Thread Theory. QTT explains everything...

~~~~~~~~~~~
RECAPITULATE:
~~~~~~~~~~~

Space is NOT empty. There is an all encompassing lattice-type quantum thread network in otherwise empty space. It is gravity centered - Einstein called it Space-Time. Otherwise known as the Fabric of Space. (yes, the fabric of space must actually be made from something)
A good 2-D model would be something like a spiders web made of the finest web-silk-thread filament. Now imagine a 3-D web.
It is made from individual yet connected quantum threads and of course the web has tension on it (that's where gravity gets its pull). The speed vibrations travel through the web is the speed of light (light is a just a vibration travelling in a quantum thread network)

NOTE: T = Tension, inside brackets [T] = Time
Here is a regular thread tension formula...
Tension = velocity squared x mass / Length
If we plug in c and rearrange we get the one-inch equation for energy and light...

`TL = mc^2`
`|--inch--|`

Now we know where gravity, light, energy and time come from and why light travels at c.
Tesla was correct...
"There is no energy in matter other than that received from the environment." – Nikola Tesla

Mnemonic memory device...
`E for Einstein: E = mc^2`
`TL for Tesla:  TL = mc^2 `

NOTE: The one-inch equation: `TL = mc^2`   and threads explain: gravity, light, energy, time, atoms, heat, bond angles, isotopes, gravitational waves, matter, mass, dark energy, dark matter, antimatter, uncertainty, dimensions, double-slit, vacuum fluctuations, vacuum catastrophe, the four forces, curved space, entanglement, gravitational lensing, electron shell configuration, periodic table 18 columns, protons, neutrons, electrons, neutrinos, fringe patterns, bose–einstein condensate, ball lightning, emergence, binding energy, alpha beta gamma radiation, atomic structures, absorption emission spectrum, induced fields, interference, photo electric effect, polarization of light, wave / particle duality, zeeman effect, zero-point energy, superstrings 10 dimensions, magnets / compass needle, etc.

Question: How is it possible that something can explain all those things?
Answer: It is easy to explain everything with the correct theory of everything.

Question: How is it possible that something can explain all those things?
Answer: It is easy to explain everything with the correct theory of everything.

Got it? An Eensy-weensy spider could make an huge web out of almost nothing.
The web itself would be the tensioned fabric-of-space, the construct of gravity, dark matter.
The vibrations of the web are energy and light. The speed the vibrations traverse the web is the speed of "web" (light).
The amount of actual substance needed to make the web is minuscule. If the web were balled-up it would be a dot and that is regular matter.
Ratio-wise: A small amount of regular matter (that's balled-up web threads) is equal to a huge amount of dark matter (web) and dark energy (web vibration).
So, Yes - there is medium and now you know how it is working.

P.S. Remember: Energy can also be TL = Tension times Length.
Here is a regular thread tension formula...
Tension = velocity squared x mass / Length.
If we plug in c and rearrange we get the one-inch equation...

```TL = mc^2 |--inch--| tension [M][L]/[T^2] * length [L] = mass [M] * speed c^2 [L^2]/[T^2] ```
http://www.mccelt.com/the-one-in ch-equation-to-explain-all-physical-laws.php ` •~~~ `
 Font Size A A A A A A A The 3rd 'A' makes a nice size for print Font Family t v g a m r p o The thread unit group (TUG) would be just the grey threads in picture (no color and a lot thinner of course). The TUG is source of gravity (and everything else). It would fit perfectly inside of a dodecahedron. Actual thread length is about one Ångström and it is fine enough where 10 threads (20 radii) could curl-up into the size of a neutron.

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References
[3] Quantum Thread Theory & Why the Speed of Light is "C"
http://vixra.org/abs/1612.0363
Authors: Seamus McCelt
Category: Quantum Gravity and String Theory

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Note: As always - if you steal my original ideas - I will come to your house.

The McCelt Tartan